“The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the National Weather Service.”
Please keep in mind the ESRL/PSD GSDM web link, below, while reading this discussion.
The 91-day signal to noise ratio (snr) anomaly composites are being updated daily. There are still map room issues that are being worked on. WB (2009), part-1 of a 2 part paper where the GWO is formally introduced, is in press for MWR publication. There is a link in the Appendix to download the manuscript.
These discussions are a component of an experimental effort involving linking weather and climate. We are moving forward on plans for having a one-day workshop in
The spatial pattern of global SSTs is unchanged (see links). There has been ~1C cooling across the southwest Pacific Ocean during the last week (due to intense frontal (SPCZ) rainfall) with slight warming across the
Substantial negative SST anomalies (~1-2C per 5-day averaged TAO buoy data) are present along the equator (within 5 deg lat) from 160E to the coast of
http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/forecast1/IndoPacific.frcst.html (note the initial projection)
The issue of wind and tropical convective signals syncing up continues. Since October 2008 there have been 4 coherent episodes of when these signals “faded in and out” in terms of coupling. Taking into considering numerous time-scales involving complicated feedbacks that I will not discuss in an inefficient manner such as these blog writings, the periodicity has been ~30 days. After the large (~3 sigma) October and November GWO orbits in phase space involving octants 4-5 to 8-1 then 4-5, a weaker rendition occurred from roughly 8-18 December leading to the current variation. Updated through 1 January 2009, the WB (2009) measure of the GWO was in ~octant 4 of phase space. Each one of these orbits in GWO phase space has been seemingly spiraling toward octants 2-3, the La-Nina attractor for our purposes.
There is no coherent MJO, which has been the case since the truncated October 2008 spatial variation of tropical rainfall anomalies projecting onto this mode. Starting during November, a general consolidation ~0/120E of intense to severe tropical thunderstorm activity has been in progress. Updated through 1 January 2009, retaining the very important interannual and ENSO signals, the WH (2004) measure of the MJO had nearly a 2 sigma projection in octant 5 of phase space. This is, in reality, a quasi-stationary La-Nina mode of tropical forcing centered on Indonesia, and it does appear the wind signal is trying to get back in line. Phases 4-5 of both the GWO and MJO 250mb psi composite anomaly plots loosely depict the extratropical and tropical circulations, respectively.
Per animations of upper tropospheric daily mean vector wind anomalies, the flow of wave energy tied to the ~8-18 December variation can be observed coherently propagating into the
Baroclinic wave energy associated with the ongoing GWO orbit is currently propagating into the
The last 2 paragraphs were written to show an example of a forcing-response-feedback loop linking global to zonal mean to regional-scale circulation anomalies. The WB (2009) measure of the GWO, lined up with the tropical forcing, is probable to orbit into octants 8-1 of phase space during the next 1-2 weeks. Observe that in spite of a ~30 Hadley calculated positive AAM tendency, global relative AAM is still below the R1 data climatology (after a 3 sigma decrease from November). Hence, perhaps similar to early-mid December, any ridge from Hell that may evolve along the
Phases 4-5 of the GWO snr 250mb psi composite anomaly plots are probable to depict the extratropics week-one followed by 8-1-2 by late week-two and week-three. Whether or not we lock-in to a superposition of GWO and MJO circulation anomalies shown by ~phases 2-3 of the 250mb snr psi (and temperature) composite anomaly plots for a JFM mean is still unclear. Regardless, a La-Nina situation of at least repeated progressive troughs into the western and central
Weather ramifications including additional high impact weather should be well understood. In fact, the JFM 2009 seasonal mean outcome for temperature and precipitation is likely to have some similarities to JFM 2008. While anomalous wetness is probable from the Pacific Northwest into the
Intense to severe tropical thunderstorm activity is probable to persist from
Links to CPC and PSD ENSO discussions:
The following is a link to information about the stratosphere and other nice monitoring tools:
The following is a link to NCEP model verifications (surf around for lots more)
The following is a link discussing recent global weather and related events:
These are probabilistic statements. We hope that an opportunity will arise for us (soon) to allow our dedicated web page effort to mature, expediting objectively and accountability. This web page effort will hopefully include an objective predictive scheme for the GWO with hindcasts.
The WB (2007) paper on the GSDM has been published in the February issue of MWR. The first of a two-part paper, where WB formally introduce the GWO (WB (2009)), has been accepted for publication MWR. A pdf of the in press version can be downloaded from the following link:
In addition to the subseasonal snr composite anomaly plots, we hope near real-time discussions with “weather maps” will become a routine part of the ESRL/PSD GSDM web site sometime soon. Part-2 of our GWO paper will discuss the latter. We want to emphasize notions such as global-zonal mean-regional scale linkages as well as forcing-response-feedback (with subsequent interactions) relationships. An important purpose is to provide a dynamical weather-climate linkage framework to evaluate the numerical models in a sophisticated manner as part of a subseasonal (and any time scale) forecast process, in addition to a climate service for all users. Relying on the numerical models alone is a cookbook! I plan on posting a discussion the weekend of 10-11 January 2009.