“The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the National Weather Service.”
Please keep in mind the ESRL/PSD GSDM web link, below, while reading this discussion.
The 91-day signal to noise ratio (snr) anomaly composites are being updated daily. There are still some map room issues that will hopefully be resolved soon. WB (2009), part-1 of a 2 part paper where the GWO is formally introduced, is in press for MWR publication. There is a link in the Appendix to download the manuscript.
These discussions are part of an experimental effort involving linking weather and climate. We are moving forward on having a one day workshop in
This is little overall substantial change to the spatial distribution of global SSTs. The warmest ocean waters extend from the extreme west central Pacific to ~10S/160E with totals ~30C and anomalies roughly 1C. There has been some recent cooling of
Significant negative anomalies have evolved along the equatorial
http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/forecast1/IndoPacific.frcst.html (note the initial projection)
The rest of this discussion is abbreviated due to “holiday constraints”. That said there is not much new additional information to offer to that already written since at least the 22 November 2008 posting.
The wind and tropical convective signals are getting better aligned as the quasi-stationary La-Nina base state matures. Tropical convective forcing has loosely consolidated ~5N/125E while extending from the equatorial
Global relative AAM (through 25 December) has dipped to ~1 sigma below the R1 data climatology, the lowest since at least October. I do think this global signal will continue to decrease at least into next week. The various terms of the global and zonal mean AAM budget generally reflect our La-Nina. For instance, the global frictional torque and earth AAM are slightly positive, with zonal mean contributions coming from enhanced Northern Hemisphere trades and high surface pressures across the midlatitudes. The latter are a response of the current strong positive phase of a Branstator (2002) circumglobal teleconnection of anomalous ridges. Contributing to a well-defined interhemispheric meridional symmetry of zonal mean zonal wind anomalies, easterly wind flow is very intense across the subtropical atmospheres. In fact, zonal mean easterly wind flow anomalies ~30N (shifting south for the past several weeks) are roughly 10m/s.
The WB (2009) measure of the GWO may be “settling down” in octants 1-3 of phase space. However, whether or not that becomes a JFM seasonal mean is unclear. The roles of possible additional MJO variability and/or the southwest
There will be transient synoptic variations including those linked to fast GWO orbits. Case in point, the west coast ridge/eastern states trough predicted by many week-2 numerical model ensemble means is not unrealistic (a feedback in this case). What may be least likely is a JFM seasonal mean outcome of an extended and southward displaced North Pacific Ocean jet leading to a downstream split flow pattern and a tilt toward (such as) cold/wet across the Deep South of the USA (typical of GWO phase 7, El-Nino base state).
I trust the expertise of the appropriate meteorological centers to alert the public of additional weather hazards worldwide, including official statements for tropical cyclones that may impact regions such as around
Links to CPC and PSD ENSO discussions:
The following is a link to information about the stratosphere and other nice monitoring tools:
The following is a link to NCEP model verifications (surf around for lots more)
The following is a link discussing recent global weather and related events:
These are probabilistic statements. We hope that an opportunity will arise for us (soon) to allow our dedicated web page effort to mature, expediting objectively and accountability. This web page effort will hopefully include an objective predictive scheme for the GWO with hindcasts.
The WB (2007) paper on the GSDM has been published in the February issue of MWR. The first of a two-part paper, where WB formally introduce the GWO (WB (2009)), has been accepted for publication MWR. A pdf of the in press version can be downloaded from the following link:
In addition to the subseasonal snr composite anomaly plots, we hope near real-time discussions with “weather maps” will become a routine part of the ESRL/PSD GSDM web site sometime soon. Part-2 of our GWO paper will discuss the latter. We want to emphasize notions such as global-zonal mean-regional scale linkages as well as forcing-response-feedback (with subsequent interactions) relationships. An important purpose is to provide a dynamical weather-climate linkage framework to evaluate the numerical models in a sophisticated manner as part of a subseasonal (and any time scale) forecast process, in addition to a climate service for all users. Relying on the numerical models alone is a cookbook! I plan on posting at least an abbreviated discussion the weekend of 3-4 January 2009.